The Destiny of Israel
We are generally considered to be in the latter days, fast approaching that short period of time known as the end of the age, which will culminate in the Ressurection of the Saints and the Gathering together of both the Dead and the Living at the Return of Jesus the Messiah.
A renewed interest in the prophecies concerning Israel has people looking at current events in an endeavour to see the unfolding of those prophecies. These very prophecies that determine the destiny of Israel are an important piece of eschatology, the centre piece of course is the coming of our Lord and Saviour in power and glory.
Beginning with the promises/prophecies given to Abraham, it is the purpose of this paper to assemble all the prophecies concerning Israel so that we may have a clarity of understanding and thereby be enabled to correctly interpret the signs of the times and not be deceived by the many false prophets that Jesus warned would arise in the end-times. With that prupose in mind, we will begin with the Promises of God made to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
The Birthright Promises of the Patriarchs from which the Destiny of Israel begins to be determined; this paper is a simple outline of the birthrights that were passed down. For a better understanding of the story you’ll have to read Genesis chapters 12-49.
Part 1: Abraham to Isaac
Starting in chapter 12 of Genesis, Abraham is chosen by God to be the father of many nations and through whom the world would be blessed. (Genesis 12:1-3; 13:16; 15:3-5, 17:1-7; 22:17)
The promises or prophecies given to Abraham by God are:
•You will be a great nation
•You will be a multitude of nations
•Your name shall be great
•You will be a blessing
•Blessed be everyone who blesses you
•Cursed be everyone who curses you
•In you all families of the earth will be blessed
•Your descendants shall be as numerous as the stars
•Your descendants will be as numerous as the sand
•on the seashore
•Kings will come from you
•You will be exceedingly fruitful
Sarah, Abraham’s wife, was also promised blessings and so were her children. (Genesis 17:15-16)
•She will be blessed
•She will be a mother of many nations
•Kings of people will come from her
Abraham had two sons, Ishmael and Isaac.
Ishmael was Abraham’s firstborn from Hagar, Sarah’s maidservant.
Isaac is his second born from Sarah. (21:1-3)
Isaac receives the birthright promises, Ishmael does not.
Ishmael receives his own promises from God, but not those
promised to Abraham and Sarah (16:10-12).
Ishmael will :
•Be a wild man
•His hand shall be against every man
•Every mans hand will be against him
•He will dwell in the presence of all his brethren
God confirms these blessings to Isaac after
Abraham dies (26:3-5):
•I will be with you
•I will give you all these lands
•I will make your descendents multiply as the stars of
•In your seed, all nations of the earth will be blessed
Part 2: Isaac to Jacob
Isaac marries Rebekah. (24:67)
Rebekah receives more promises (24:60):
•Your descendants will possess the gates of their enemies
•Rebekah will be the mother of thousands of ten thousands
Isaac and Rebekah have twin boys: Esau and Jacob.
Esau was born first and Jacob was born second. (25:24-26)
The birthright promises skipped Esau and went to Jacob.
Jacob was blessed by his father Isaac: (27:27-29)
•May the Lord give you of the dew of heaven, of the fatness
•of the earth, and plenty of grain and wine
•Let people serve you
•Many nations will bow down to you
•Be master over your brethren
•Let your mother’s sons bow down to you
•Cursed be everyone who curses you
•Blessed be those who bless you
Esau also received promises, but not the birthright (27:39-40).
•Dwell in the fatness of the earth and with the dew of heaven from above
•Live by his sword
•Serve his brother (Jacob)
•Break his yoke from his neck
Part 3: Jacob to Joseph
Jacob marries two sisters: Leah and Rachel. (29:15-30)
From Leah, Rachel, and their two maidservants (Bilhah and Zilpah),
Jacob has 12 sons (35:23-26):
(These sons are listed in order from oldest to youngest)
God changes Jacob’s name to Israel (35:10).
Joseph, who is #11 of the 12 sons, is sold into slavery by his
God ends up exalting him to the highest rank in Egypt as
promised to him. (41:39, 40)
ALL of the blessings and birthright promises given to Abraham,
Sarah, Isaac, Rebekah, and Jacob (Israel) are passed on to Joseph.
Reuben (the first born) does not receive the blessings and
Genesis 49: 22-26
22. Joseph is a fruitful bough, even a fruitful bough by a well;
whose branches run over the wall:
23. The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot at him, and
24. But his bow abode in his strength, and the arms of his hands
were made strong by the hands of the mighty God of Jacob;
(from thence is the shepherd, the stone of Israel:)
25. Even by the God of the father, who shall help thee; and by the
Almighty, who shall bless thee with blessings of heaven above,
blessings of the deep that lieth under, blessings of the breasts,
and of the womb:
26. The blessings of thy father have prevailed above the blessings
of my progenitors unto the utmost bound of the everlasting
hills:they shall be on the head of Joseph, and on the crown
of the head of him that was separated from his brethren.
1 Chronicles 5:1-2
1. Now the sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel, (for he was the
firstborn; but, forasmuch as he defiled his father’s bed, his
birthright was given unto the sons of Joseph the son of Israel:
and the genealogy is not to be reckoned after the birthright.
2. For Judah prevailed above his brethren, and from him came the
chief ruler; but the birthright was Joseph’s
All of the birthright and blessings go to Joseph’s
sons…but Judah is given the right to rule:
8. Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise: thy hand
shall be in the neck of thine enemies; thy father’s children
shall bow down before thee.
9. Judah is a lion’s whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up:
he stooped down, he crouched as a lion, and as an old lion;
who shall rouse him up?
10.The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from
between his feet, until Shiloh come: and unto him shall the
gathering of the people be.
11.Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass’s colt unto the
choice vine; he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in
12. His eyes shall be red with wine and his teeth white with milk.
Part 4: Joseph to Ephraim (and Manasseh)
In Egypt Joseph had two sons: Ephraim and Manasseh. (41:50-52)
All 12 brothers become tribes except for Joseph.
Joseph is not made a tribe but his two sons (Ephraim and Manasseh)
become tribes, as a double portion, a blessing. (48:5,21,22)
The birthright is passed through Joseph and goes to Ephraim
and Manasseh, but Ephraim is given the greater blessing (48:12-20) .
Ephraim is given the right to the father’s name: Israel.
***Realize that there are actually 13 tribes altogether.***
Even though Levi does not have land possession, Levi
is still a tribe!
Moving forward through history……..
After Joseph’s death,the children of Israel become slaves in Egypt.
After 400 years they are led out of Egypt under Moses and
wander in the desert for 40 years.
The children of Israel are then led into the Promised Land
The 13 Tribes of Israel eventually become a nation, occupying
the territory promised to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
After the reign of King Solomon over the nation of Israel,
the tribes split into two kingdoms: Israel and Judah.
Israel is the Northern Kingdom, headed by the tribe of Ephraim.
Judah is the Southern Kingdom, headed by the tribe of Judah.
There are 10½ tribes to the North, 2½ tribes to the South; the Tribe of Levi being scattered throughout.
The people of the Northern Kingdom: Israel, are called Israelites
the people of the Southern Kingdom are Judahites (or Jews).
Only the Israelites of the Southern Kingdom are Jews.
Ephraim (Israel) is taken into captivity 745 B.C. by the Assyrians.
Judah is taken into captivity 573 B.C. by the Babylonians.
The Jews returned from captivity after 70 years.
The northern tribes never return.
These northern tribes are commonly referred to as the 10 “lost” tribes of Israel. Wherever these “lost” tribes are, they must be as numerous as “the stars in the sky and the sand on the seashore”.
Remember: Ephraim and Manasseh received the birthright, not the Jews! Other promises were made to them; the scepter was not to depart from Judah. But thats another story. The birthright promises WERE NEVER fulfilled when they become tribes. The birthright promises ARE fulfilled when they become nations, a multitude of nations, and many kings! The birthright promises are fulfilled when they become exceedingly fruitful, possess the gates of their enemies, be a blessing to all nations and are numerous as the sand on the seashore and as the stars in heaven.”
9 Then God said:
“Call his name Lo-Ammi,
For you are not My people,
And I will not be your God.
10 “Yet the number of the children of Israel
Shall be as the sand of the sea,
Which cannot be measured or numbered.
And it shall come to pass
In the place where it was said to them,
‘You are not My people,’
There it shall be said to them,
You are sons of the living God.’
11 Then the children of Judah and the children of Israel
Shall be gathered together,
And appoint for themselves one head;
And they shall come up out of the land,
For great will be the day of Jezreel!
7 Then the remnant of Jacob
Shall be in the midst of many peoples,
Like dew from the Lord,
Like showers on the grass,
That tarry for no man
Nor wait for the sons of men.
8 And the remnant of Jacob
Shall be among the Gentiles,
In the midst of many peoples,
Like a lion among the beasts of the forest,
Like a young lion among flocks of sheep,
Who, if he passes through,
Both treads down and tears in pieces,
And none can deliver.
9 Your hand shall be lifted against your adversaries,
And all your enemies shall be cut off.
And where & when did the children of Israel become “not my people”, then as numerous as the sand on the seashore,then a multitude of nations, and then “sons of the living God”?
And where and when did Jacob/Israel subdue all their enemies as a lion among the flocks of sheep.
These promises are the Birthright Promises of God which were given to Ephraim and Mannaseh, as Joseph’s sons. These promises were never for Judah.
1 Chronicles 5:1-2
1 Now the sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel—he was indeed the firstborn, but because he defiled his father’s bed, his birthright was given to the sons of Joseph, the son of Israel, so that the genealogy is not listed according to the birthright;
2 yet Judah prevailed over his brothers, and from him came a ruler, although the birthright was Joseph’s—
9 They shall come with weeping,
And with supplications I will lead them.
I will cause them to walk by the rivers of waters,
In a straight way in which they shall not stumble;
For I am a Father to Israel,
And Ephraim is My firstborn.
The Destiny of Israel/Ephraim is not yet complete. There are many speculations as where Ten Tribes went and who the Ten Tribes are today. But that is another subject which I will endeavour to present in good time.
Peace to you all